Category Archives: Emergency

How to Get Up After a Fall

I’ve had a number of acquaintances have the problem of not getting up after a fall. I’m providing this information for their use.

Another good video

How to help someone up.

 

Scan Your Wallet Contents

wallet-scan

One of my yearly chores is to scan the contents of my wallet and keep a copy in a secure location.

My scanner allows me to make multiple scans and save it as one PDF image.

You can then either print a copy for a safe deposit box or encrypt the file and keep it with your valuables.

Hopefully you will never need this backup, but there’s always a chance and then you will be really happy you have this backup.

Backup Copies of Documents

After a disaster, there is a good chance that you won’t have many of the necessary papers and documents you may need to get your life back into order. One way around this is to scan your documents NOW and then use Google Drive as a way to store those documents. A Google account and Google Drive is free for up to 15 GB.

Here’s another extra step you can do to make your files even more secure.
Encrypt your files before you drag them over to Google Drive.

The program I use is Axcrypt.
http://www.axantum.com/AxCrypt/Default.html

I put all the files I want to encrypt in one folder and then choose them all and encrypt them all at one time.
Then drag the files or upload the files into Google Drive.

Now your files are doubly encrypted and even if your Google account is compromised, your sensitive data is safe.

To Erase files from your computer, you can use the Eraser program from SourceForge.
http://sourceforge.net/projects/eraser/

 

 

Securing a Generator

One of the suggestions I recently heard about is the need to secure your portable generator or it may easily be stolen. I found a number of solutions.

1. Did a deep hole, fill with concrete and a bolt attached to a chain.

2. Have an alarm by the generator to let you know if anyone approaches.

3. One suggestion was to only run the generator when you could watch it. If you can’t watch it, put it away.

CPR – Staying Alive

I’m posting a few videos on doing CPR. Here’s a fact sheet to read.

Here are the three steps.

  1. Call 911
  2. Open the top clothes of the person who needs CPR. (I’m not quite sure why this is important except that it might interfere with step three.)
  3. Push hard and fast in the center of the chest until help arrives. 100 beats/minute – song Staying Alive.

Solar Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections

One of the Doomsday scenarios that will happen at some point are Solar Flares and Cornonal Mass Ejections (CME) that will impact our electronics and the electrical grid.

With that as a background, I wondered what actions ordinary people could do to be proactive.

One warning I found available is from NOAA. You can signup for email alerts about solar activity. Here’s a response I received from them.

“The main space weather phenomenon that you are likely interested in is our geomagnetic alerts/watches/warnings. If you have not signed up for the Product Subscription Service yet, you can start here: https://pss.swpc.noaa.gov/LoginWebForm.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fproductsubscriptionservice%2f

Once you have signed up, you can go in and add different products that will notify you of the potential geomagnetic activity (aurora).

First, go here:

Subscribe (add or change subscription preferences) Then go to the Geomagnetic Storm Products section. Here is where you will actually select the products you wish to receive. If you are in an above of about 40°N/S, you should probably subscribe to everything from K=4 to the G5 warnings and alerts. If you are farther south, it is less likely you will see any impacts with anything less than a G2 or more. There are always exceptions, so if you want to subscribe to everything, feel free.

You can also subscribe to our Radio alerts/watches/warnings as well. This will let you know if we have a good sized x-ray flare, which has the potential to send a coronal mass ejection towards earth and possibly creating aurora and have potential impacts on Earth (i.e. power grids/communications)”

sun-solar-flares-01

Here’s a picture of the subscriptions for Geomagnetic Storms. I you look at a Geomagnetic Storm of Category G4 – it says “Grid system can collapse.” That’s about as bad as it gets.

I sent an email to NOAA to find out how much time there is between the Warning and the Solar Event…. Here’s their response –

“You are actually pretty close with your timing estimates.  Depending on the location of the flare/CME when it departs the sun, the speed of the CME, the background solar winds, and if there has been anything (coronal hole, CME, etc.) immediately preceding this particular CME that would “clear things out” so there was nothing slowing the plasma blob down.  The immediate hazard (within tens of minutes potentially) would be energized particles (protons).  They would mainly be hazardous to astronauts, satellites, and high flying aircraft.  Our ionosphere and atmosphere do a pretty good job of protecting us from these particles.  The next hazard would be the geomagnetic storming that occurs when the CME hits our ionosphere, bends the Earth’s magnetic field lines as it passes, and there is a re-connection of these field lines.  This is what causes the aurora and is what produces the fluctuations to the power grids that can be detrimental to the transformers.  This can occur anywhere from 15-18 hours to a few days.  Thankfully, most of the power companies have taken a serious interest in space weather and have subscribed to the same alerts you can subscribe to.  They are on a very short list of people we physically call to make sure they get the information we disseminate in a timely manner.   
In any case, hopefully I have answered you concerns in a not so short way.  I think you may find some of our educational information interesting, and possibly helpful, when deciding what to look for with space weather.  Check out the link below.  It has several interesting articles as well as explanations of some of the things we do.
 
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/Education/index.html” (This site has some great educational materials – take a look.)
You can also look at the Space Weather Prediction Center to get a timely update.
I thought I’d also start a discussion of what anyone can do if they get such an alert and what actions to take in that short period of time before the storm hits.

Here are some thoughts on “Actions To Take.”

  • I’m going to assume you already have your regular Emergency Supplies and Food. – see my list.
  • Money – go to the bank and withdraw almost all your money. You can always put it back in, if things turn out OK. Obviously smaller bills are better. This is one reason to deal with a local bank. Just drive over and get your money. There may be a run on the banks – so be one of the first to get there. They won’t have enough money for everyone.
  • Water – start filling up every thing you have with water – bathtubs, pools, containers etc. Buy new containers like trash cans to fill up while the water is still flowing. Buy extra bleach for cleaning bad water.
  • Food – make a run to Costco or any store where you can buy large quantities of food. That 7 day supply of food in the basement is not going to last very long.
  • Gas – fill your car. Buy and fill as many gas cans as you can get your hand on.
  • Protection – you may need to protect your house and family – have adequate protection.

Question – what else needs to be on the list?

You’re Not Going to Live Forever

I was doing some research on Living Wills, Medical Directives and Power of Attorney for Health Care and here’s a site I found which seems to have forms for all states.

http://www.caringinfo.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3289

Here is the Missouri PDF form.

It looks like Missouri requires a Notary for the Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care – so plan ahead.

http://www.caringinfo.org/files/public/ad/Missouri.pdf

I also have a form I can email you I got from my doctors office.

When Your Lights Go Out

Here are some condensed material from FEMA on how to prepare for an electrical outage.

Here’s the link if you want it:
http://emilms.fema.gov/IS909/assets/14_GoingOffGrid.pdf

OUTAGE CHECKLIST:

Important Phone Numbers – put these into your cell phone ahead of time. Phone numbers listed are for St. Louis MO.
• Electric company phone number/Website: Ameren MO –  800.552.7583.
• Natural gas company phone number/Web site: 314-342-0800
• Water company phone number/Website 866.430.0820
• Plumbing company phone number/Web site:
• Oil/gas heat service phone number/Web site:
• Telephone company phone number/Web site:
If you use medical equipment that requires electricity to operate, register with your power company and health care provider to learn about alternatives.

Assess Your Neighborhood
• If there is a utility outage, who may need extra support because of their functional or medical needs?
• Does anyone in the neighborhood have special skills who can help others?

Electricity Outages
 Locate and label utility shutoff (see diagram at the end of this handout).
 Post instructions next to fuse box or circuit breaker.
 Are there enough flashlights on hand (at least one for each person in the house)? Are the
batteries working? (Tip: Store batteries in the refrigerator for longer life.)
 Do not use candles. They are a fire hazard.
 Keep on hand ready-to-eat meals that don’t require cooking or cooling.
 Freeze water in plastic water bottles or old milk containers, leaving about an inch at the top for frozen water to expand. When placed in a refrigerator and freezer, they will keep food cold for several hours.
 Know where to get dry ice to keep food cold as necessary.
 Are there cordless phones that need electricity to run? If so, what can be used as a
backup? (Standard telephone with cord, cell phone, etc.)
 Find a new or used battery-operated radio to get updates on information, shelters, etc.
 Is there an alternate heating source? Make sure it is properly vented and in good working
order. Make sure all chimneys are clean and all flues are operational. Do you have enough
wood, pellets, or heating fuel?
 If heating system involves an electronic ignition or fan, know who to call for service/restarting
assistance.
 If there is an electric garage door opener, where is the manual release? Post instructions
on how to use it and practice!
 When possible, keep car gas tanks at least half full. Gas stations need electricity to power
the pumps.

When the power goes out . . .
• Are all the pots and pans off the stove? Are the stove range and oven turned off?
• If you have a space heater, make sure it’s at least 3 feet away from furniture or other
flammable objects. Keep it unplugged when not in use.
• In cold weather, maximize heat coming from the sun. Open shades, curtains, or louvers so
that sun may heat the glass. Close them when the sun is no longer shining directly to hold
in the heat. In hot weather, minimize heat by closing shades, curtains, and louvers.

Natural Gas Outages
 Locate and label gas shutoff valve(s). There may be more than one (see diagram at the end
of this handout).
 Post shutoff instructions near the meter and make sure a nonsparking wrench is stored
nearby.
 If your gas meter is located inside your home, you should only shut off gas flow when
instructed to by local authorities.
Also see “Electricity Outages” above for more tips.

Water Outages
 Locate and label main water cutoff. Make sure any special tools needed are stored nearby.
(Tip: The main water cutoff is usually on the outside wall of the house where the water
meter is. With a well, the cutoff is usually on the well pump.)
 Have 3 days ( I’d recommend having at least a weeks worth of water)  of drinking water stored (1 gallon of water per person per day).
If pipes may freeze . . .
• Wrap insulation, tape, newspapers, or rags around them.
• Store water in buckets or bathtubs to flush toilets.
• Leave water trickling out of the faucets.
If pipes do freeze . . .
• Remove any insulation or newspaper and wrap them in rags.
• Completely open all the faucets. If you can still heat water, pour hot water over the pipes,
starting with where they are most cold. If you have electricity, try using a blow dryer.
If pipes burst . . .
• Know where circuit breakers and fuses are and how to shut off the power. See “Electricity
Outages” above.
• Never enter a flooded basement or walk through standing water to shut off electrical supply
because water conducts electricity.
Phone Outages
 Have on hand a backup way to communicate (cell phone, computer via cable connection,
etc.).

Shutting Off Electricity
Unscrew individual fuses or switch off smaller breakers first, then pull the main switch or
breaker. When restoring power, turn on main switch or breaker, then screw in smaller fuses or
turn on smaller breakers, one at a time.
Circuit Breaker Box With Shutoff
Shutoff steps:
Step 1: Shut off individual breakers.
Step 2: Shut off main breaker.
Fuse Box With Shutoff
Shutoff steps:
Step 1: Pull out individual fuses.
Step 2: Pull out main fuse.
Shutting Off Gas
The gas meter shutoff diagram indicates the shutoff valve location on the pipe that comes out of
the ground. To turn off the valve, use a nonsparking wrench to turn the valve clockwise onequarter turn. Remember that, in all cases, natural gas flow should only be turned on by a
licensed technician.
Please note: Some gas meters have automatic shutoff valves that restrict the flow of gas during
an earthquake or other emergency. These are installed by a licensed plumber, downstream of
the utility point of delivery. If you are unsure whether your home has this shutoff device, contact
your gas service company. If this shutoff device is closed, only a qualified professional should
restore it.
Gas Meter in the Home
If you smell gas or see the dials on your meter showing gas is flowing even though appliances
are turned off, you should evacuate the premises and call 911. Do not attempt to shut off the
gas from inside the building if gas may be in the air.
Gas Meter Outside the Home
You should turn off the meter from outside the building if you smell gas or you see dials on the
meter showing gas is flowing even though appliances are turned off. If there is a fire that you
cannot extinguish, call 911 and turn off the gas only if it is safe to do so.
Keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed. Food should be okay for around 4 hours. Refer
to the chart below to know when to save food and when to throw it out.

FOOD IN REFRIGERATOR

Held above 40 °F for over 2 hours
MEAT, POULTRY, SEAFOOD: Any raw, leftover, or thawing.
Also includes soy meat substitutes, salads, lunch meats, pizza,
cans that have been opened, fish, or meat sauces.
Discard
CHEESE: Any soft cheeses, shredded cheeses, or low-fat
cheeses Discard
Hard cheeses such as cheddar, colby, swiss, parmesan,
provolone, romano, or hard cheeses grated in can or jar Safe
DAIRY: Milk, cream, sour cream, buttermilk, evaporated milk,
yogurt, eggnog, soy milk, opened baby formula Discard
Butter, margarine Safe
EGGS: All eggs and egg products, such as puddings Discard
CASSEROLES, SOUPS, STEWS Discard
FRUITS: Fresh fruits, cut Discard
Opened fruit juices or canned fruits, along with fresh fruits,
coconut, raisins, dried fruits, candied fruits, dates Safe
SAUCES, SPREADS, JAMS: Opened mayonnaise, tartar
sauce, horseradish
Discard if above 50 °F
for over 8 hours
Other sauces, including soy, barbecue, taco. Also peanut butter,
jelly, relish, mustard, catsup, olives, pickles, and vinegar-based
dressings.
Safe
Opened creamy-based dressings and opened spaghetti sauce Discard
BREAD, CAKES, COOKIES, PASTA, GRAINS, PASTRY:
Bread, rolls, cakes, muffins, quick breads, tortillas, waffles,
pancakes, bagels, fruit pies
Safe
All other rolls, dough, cooked pasta, rice, potatoes, pasta salads,
fresh pasta, cheesecake, cream-filled pastries or pie Discard
VEGETABLES: Fresh raw vegetables or mushrooms, herbs,
spices Safe
All other pre-cut, pre-washed, cooked vegetables, tofu, opened
vegetable juice, garlic in oil, potato salad Discard
FOOD IN FREEZER
Still contains ice crystals and feels as cold as if refrigerated
Thawed; held above 40 °F for over 2 hours
MEAT, POULTRY, SEAFOOD
Refreeze. However, seafood will have some texture and flavor loss.Discard
DAIRY: Milk and soft or semisoft cheeseRefreeze. May lose some texture. Discard
Eggs (out of shell) and egg products Refreeze Discard
Ice cream, frozen yogurt Discard Discard
Hard and shredded cheeses, casseroles with dairy products, cheesecakeRefreeze Refreeze
FRUITS: Juices, packaged fruitsRefreeze. However, home or commercially packaged fruits will have texture and flavor change.Refreeze. Discard if mold, yeasty smell, or sliminess develops.
VEGETABLES: Juices, packaged vegetables Refreeze. Vegetables may suffer texture and flavor loss.Discard after held above 40 °F for 6 hours
BREADS, PASTRIES: Breads, rolls, muffins, cakes (without custard fillings)Refreeze Refreeze
Cakes, pies, pastries with custard or cheese filling Refreeze Discard
Pie crusts, commercial and homemade bread dough Refreeze. Some quality loss may occur. Refreeze. Quality loss is considerable.
OTHER: Casseroles – pasta, rice based Refreeze Discard
Flour, cornmeal, nuts, waffles, pancakes, bagels Refreeze Refreeze
Frozen meals Refreeze Discard
For more information, see http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/emergency/index.html

Emergency Preparedness – Other Resources

Financial Preparation for Disasters and Emergencies

I received an email from FEMA about a webinar they held on Financial Preparation for Disasters and Emergencies. Below are the relevant links on this topic. This has a lots of great information. take the time to go through it and make sure you are prepared financially when a disaster/emergency strikes.

Where to Keep Copies of Your Passport-Driver’s License etc.

On many emergency type sites, they recommend keeping copies of your passport, drivers license etc. While paper copies are certainly acceptable, there is another option you can use if you’re careful – online. The question is where online since you want this sensitive data to be secure.

One solution which was shown to me, via the Security Now Podcast. was LastPass. I use LastPass as a way to remember the hundreds of my many and varied passwords. One of the other great features they have is that they also have what is called Secure Notes.  With Secure Notes you can keep other sensitive data and attach scans of important documents either in pdf or jpg format.

One limitation is that a single note can hold up to 10MB of attachments, so depending on the size of your scans, you may need to create more than one secure note for your valuables.

Currently, free users have up to 50 MB of encrypted file storage, and Premium users have up to 1GB encrypted file storage.

LastPass Premium only cost $12/year so it’s a good way to support the company and protect your data.

LastPass seems like a great solution for backup of sensitive data.

Flush Your Water Heater Twice a Year

According to Consumer Reports, I should be flushing my water heater twice a year. I haven’t done that in the past and so when I tried it, no water would come out of the drain. Even though the water heater says that it is self-cleaning – obviously it is not.

If you are counting on this water in an emergency, flushing the water heater twice a year will be a good way to ensure that the water will be available when needed.

Consumer Reports has a nice article about he whole process here.

water-heater-vacation

Here are the basics:

  • Turn off the heater or put in on a vacation setting to keep it from going on. You could also put it on a Pilot setting. Relighting the pilot light can be a pain., so I would suggest not turning the pilot light off.
  • Attach a hose to the water heater drain and bring the hose to a nearby drain. Watch out – the water will be extremely hot coming out of the tank.
  • Turn off the cold water supply to the water heater.
  • Open up a hot water tap in the house.
  • Open the water heater drain and let it run until the water is clear. Turn off the drain and wait a few minutes and try this again. When it’s always clear then you can close the drain.
  • Turn on the cold water inlet.
  • Go to your upstairs faucet that is on – let the air out and then close when the water come out.

Emergency Food Storage

I thought I’d do a few calculations here to figure out how much food one person needs to store for emergency situations.

rice-50-pounds

1/4 cup uncooked rice = 160 calories.

Figuring that one person would eat 2000 calories/day – that’s an average obviously.
2000 calories/160 calories = 12.5 (1/4 cup) servings

A 50 pound bag of rice = 500 servings.(From the bags nutrition information)
Therefore 500 servings/12.5 servings a day = 40 days one person could survive on rice alone.

You also need other foods to fill in and supplement, but rice does seem to be a cheap and long lasting emergency food.

 

Generator Transfer Switch – How to get power from your generator to your house.

transfer-switch

When the lights go out, even though you have a generator, the question remains – how am I going to get the power from the generator to the house? Obviously you could use a lot of extension cords, but your furnace won’t plug into an extension cord. One solution is to install a Transfer Switch.

I bought the Reliance – 6 circuit for generators up to 7500 watts.

The thing that greatly impresses me about this product are the great videos which are available online. You can find them on YouTube (holisticplanthealth)or the RelianceControls website.

I did have an electrician do the connection to the main fusebox, but I did a lot of the other work.

The only suggestion I have is that instead of cutting the wires short, keep them long so that during a loss of power if you decide you want to change your mind about the circuits, you can just move the wires around. Right now I have the two furnaces wired up, but during mid-July I might want to run an air conditioner.

I also had trouble drilling into my concrete. If you rent a hammer drill, not a cheap one, it will be worth the cost. I put up a piece of 3/4″ plywood and screwed my box into it.

I also connected my outside plug to the transfer switch before connecting it to the main box. The video connects the main box first and then the outside connector box.

You will also have to do your homework and figure out which circuits are critical and balance your load.

My wife and I got on our phones and turned off each circuit to figure out what each controlled.

 

When the Shooting Starts

I was listening to a law officer talk about five actions that could save your life if there was a shooter in your house/building etc.

1. Don’t cower – act – run – take action.

2. Run across the line of fire. You want the shooter to have to move and constantly change aim.

3. Distract. If possible throw something at the shooter.

4. Distance – get as far away as possible.

5. Cover – get a brick wall/concrete between you and the bad guy.

How to Secure a TV From Tipping Over

tv-injuries

I saw a recent news item saying that 41 kids this year were killed by TVs and heavy furniture falling on them. I decided to see if I could make my own device to secure my TV’s.

http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/prerel/prhtml13/13066.html

TV-Support--01

Here’s my end result – now I’ll tell you what it involves.

The first thing I noticed was that my Samsung TV had four large bolt holes – the  question was, “What size bolt do I need?” After doing a bit of googling, I decided on an M8 bolt. I went to the hardware store, bought four and tried to install them – no luck. They would not screw into the back of my TV.

TV-Secure-hex-bolt

I went back to the store and found out that there are two different types of M8 bolts – 1.00 or 1.25. The difference is the type of thread on each bolt. I tried M8-1.25 and it was perfect.

My next consideration was how to attach something to the TV. I found some nice webbing on Amazon and bought two kinds to test each out. The thinner and less expensive webbing works just fine.

TV-Support--grommet

I also bought a 3/8 inch grommet kit to make grommets for the webbing. I heated up the grommet cutter and used it to melt the hole for the grommet.

To attach the webbing to the cabinet, I heated a nail and punched a hole in the webbing where it would attach to the cabinet. I then drilled a small pilot hole in the cabinet and used a 1 1/8″ drywall screw and a washer to secure the webbing to the cabinet.
TV-Support--nail

TV-Support--cabinet

I did leave a little slack in the webbing just in case I needed to turn the TV slightly.

This solution is only meant from keeping kids from pulling the TV over onto themselves. It is not meant as an earthquake solution.

Note – I’ve found a product on Amazon which will do basically the same thing. It’s the Kidco Anti-Tip-TV-Strap-Pack.

++++++++++++++++++++

Another more simple option is to buy a TV Mounting kit and attach it to the wall. Even if you don’t plan on using the kit to hold the TV, it will keep it from falling over. Here’s a kit I ordered from Amazon for only $28. This particular kit is for smaller TV’s. I’m using this solution for the basement TV.

tv-secure-04

Emergency Preparedness – Other Resources

Here’s a list of sites that I have found useful.

Finding Gas in an Emergency Situation

One of the lessons from Hurricane Sandy is that gasoline can be a precious commodity after a large scale catastrophe.

One way to find gas is through the computer program/app GasBuddy.com

It will not only show you where to find gas, but it also allows you to report the situation at specific gas stations.

Storm Spotter Class

I just finished a 3.5 hour class to become a trained/certified storm spotter in St. Louis. It’s a great class for anyone to take.

Jim Kramper led the class and did an excellent job. I recommend you try and get him as an instructor the next time a class is held.

Here is where you can see the schedule.

http://www.crh.noaa.gov/lsx/?n=schedule

Websites:

Weather in St.Louis

Weather Spotter’s Field Guide– this is mainly what they covered in class.

Ready in 3 – Resources and Tools

Brochures

Below are some notes I took which might be interesting to others.

  • As a storm spotter you get a unique ID so that when you do a report, they know you are trained and where you are located.
  • Funnel Cloud = no debris on the ground – just the shape in the air.
  • Tornado = touching the ground and/or debris in the air.
  • Hail – pea=1/4″, marble = 1/2″, penny = 3/4″, nickel = 7/8″, quarter = 1″.
  • Major League Baseball doesn’t stop the games before a storm hits. It waits until the storm hits and it’s raining. You may want to be proactive and when you get a Warning, take action on your own to protect yourself and your family.

A Tornado Is Coming – What Do I Do?

Here is a speech I gave on October 24, 2012.Hopefully you will find it useful and might save your life. Here’s the link with my list of 74 emergency items.

https://tomterrific1.wordpress.com/2012/04/14/emergency-preparedness-kit/